集會阻擋法105-盤查身分 Hostile Inspection

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HD影片: youtu.be/crNgsNNtc_k

Police: "What are you doing here? Show me your ID!"
Citizen: "This is a public area, I'm sitting here to watch." 
Police: "Now, here & there are all restricted area...Got it?"
Angry Protester: "Yea, right...XD"

A group of police (some are not wearing uniforms or badges) claimed they were performing a routine inspection on the sidewalk cross the street from the restricted area. They also asked everyone to show their IDs or to be dispersed from the scene. When asked the police based on what law they were forcing people to show their IDs. Either the police could answer the question or said they were just enforcing a law_which they could not provide the name? (based on Police Power Exercise Act, the police may only verify one’s identify if one is reasonably suspected of having committed a crime or having the likelihood of committing a crime.) Having no real legal basis for the inspection, the police kept repeating that they were just doing their jobs to enforce a special errand. They claimed they were just there to protect the citizens’ safety & that it was a routine. 

Inspections like this are meaningless & create a burden on the police. Sending police to inspect the IDs of people who are clearly not doing anything illegal is a misuse of police & creates an unnecessary work burden for them. It is an outright abuse of power to demand IDs from people clearly doing nothing wrong. Police should not work for politician's demand.

It is important for all citizens to know that according to the Police Power Exercise Act, if the police fail to provide the reason why they want to verify your identity, people may refuse to cooperate&

Taiwan Police Power Exercise Act (English): http://bit.ly/1mqTcDn

 : ( 一年前旁觀街頭公民行動時被一組便衣+警察盤查的傻樣, 和現在FB網友條理分明的親身體驗, 心得簡直一模一樣_不論聰明愚笨, 終究須由法律限制 : ) ...公務員領納稅人薪水,最重要的義務就是「依法」執行職務。如果基層公務員執行職務時只知道長官命令以及慣例,卻不知道法源依據何在,而且是普遍的現象,那這其實是嚴重的法治危機。更大的危機是,一堆憲法權利被侵害的人民,渾然不知自己的權利被侵害,還反過來責怪主張自己權利的人。如果國民的法治素養普遍是如此,那這個國家距離真的法治國還很遠,倒是比較有成為奴隸國的潛力。

「臨檢」和「盤查身分」是兩回事,兩個完全不同的法律概念。警察執行錢櫃臨檢勤務,基本上法律問題不大。但「看身分證」就完全沒有法律依據了。主要的爭點不是警察依據什麼法律臨檢,而是「依據什麼法律要看我身分證?」

警察說他們依照警職法第6條要看身分證_第六條確實是盤查身分的要件,但各款的前提簡單來講,就是被盤查者要有「犯罪嫌疑」。我們請教警察我們的「犯罪嫌疑」在哪裡?第6條第6款,指定之公共場所,並不是隨便任何一個警察隨手一指、隨口一句就是「指定」,而是要經過「警察機關主管長官」指定。如果警察拿得出台北市警局長、警政署長指定為6條6款場所的公文,就可以檢查身分證。但問題是他們有嗎?警察職權行使法是全天全年適用的,不論在哪一個時段警察要查證身分,就必須符合警職法第6條要件。簡單講,「指出犯罪嫌疑」或者「警察機關主管長官指定之公共場所」。除此之外,人民都可以拒絕盤查身分。

若真心在乎基層員警的工作環境和尊嚴,就請多注意「勤務分配不合理」的現象。警政署為了幫政客做正義化身的形象,一天到晚創造勤務專案,卻又受限於政客幫有錢人減稅而預算不足,無法補充人力,只好一人當兩人用,基層員警累得要死,警力資源都用在對付被政客創造出來的邪惡,真正的官商勾結、組織犯罪大案都沒人管(你還記得政府上一次抓到真正的組織犯罪高層首腦是何時嗎?)當然更無法提供基層員警必要的教育訓練了。

*大法官689號釋憲文:「...又新聞自由所保障之新聞採訪自由並非僅保障隸屬於新聞機構之新聞記者之採訪行為,亦保障一般人為提供具新聞價值之資訊於眾,或為促進公共事務討論以監督政府,而從事之新聞採訪行為。」
*警察勤務條例:http://goo.gl/rdQSkB
*警察職權行使法:http://bit.ly/WtxJEQ
*楊律師的法律討論區:臨檢及盤查 http://goo.gl/4GzscL.

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大法官釋字第689號解釋文指出,「新聞自由所保障之新聞採訪自由並非僅保障隸屬於新聞機構之新聞記者之採訪行為,亦保障一般人為提供具新聞價值之資訊於眾,或為促進公共事務討論以監督政府,而從事之新聞採訪行為。」

http://www.judicial.gov.tw/constitutionalcourt/p03_01.asp?expno=689

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集會阻擋法105-盤查身分 Hostile Inspection

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